These two concepts – that life is static in its various forms. All creatures have come into existence in the same way from the beginning and there is no mutual relationship between them and there is no mutual relationships between them and there is no evolution in them.
The second is that life has been traveling in a series of evolution since its beginning and is changing every moment and will continue to undergo such changes and changes in the future. Thinkers and scientists and thinkers have been saying this since time immemorial.
Darwin did not present the theory of evolution for the first time, but he was pointing to the fact of evolution long before that. For example, the ancient Greek thinker, philosopher, and astronomer Heraclitus believed that all things in the world are constantly changing. He says that most thinkers do not understand Logaos (literally meaning reason, meaning the law of the universe). This is the reason why they form a wrong opinion about the universe. He believed that through the ‘law of the universe All things in the universe are interconnected and all natural phenomena occur under the same law. An important manifestation of this law is that there is an internal relationship between two opposite things. For example, health and disease determine each other.
Good and bad will lose their meaning without each other. Thus, he also says that everything can have two opposite sides. For example, seawater is both harmful (for humans) and useful (for fish). He said that the stability and permanence of a state or thing are apparent, superficial, and temporary. While change is the real and eternal reality.
Anaximenes, another Greek philosopher who is considered to be the founder of astronomy, believed that earth, air, fire, and water combine and differentiate innumerable worlds to be born and then destroyed and all this continues endlessly. Lives He believed that man evolved from fish-like creatures. In this way, it is also mentioned in the writings of Muslim thinkers. Especially in these Muscovite writings. But these Muscovyas and other thinkers have called the horse a close relative of man. In this way, it is mentioned in the writings of the Brotherhood of Safa, but it is very confusing.
French Biologist’s Philosophy of Life
French biologist and botanist Jean-Baptiste in his book ‘Philosophy of Life’ in 1809 tried to prove that life in its various forms is connected with evolution. Alfred Wells also tried to prove the reality of evolution in 1858. After that, Charles Darwin revolutionized this theory. His book “The Beginning of Genre” was published in 1859. After that, thousands of scientists discovered numerous facts while working in different fields of science. This supports this theory and now the fact of evolution has become accepted in the world of science.
The objections made by scientists from time to time on this view are based on secondary facts and the resulting research leads to its further strengthening. The only people in the world who fundamentally reject this view are religious thinkers or objective scientists who are interested in religious preaching.
In the last century, it was a common idea that a child goes through the stages from conception in the mother’s womb to birth in a period of nine months, through which life in the universe begins its journey of evolution until the appearance of a human being. It has passed in three billion years. It is not correct in details, but there is definitely an element of basic authenticity in it. The most recent research in embryology shows that the embryos of vertebrates (including humans) go through the same stages from conception to birth. Initially, the embryos of all such organisms are identical. They are similar. Later gradually the differences between them start to become apparent. Finally, they become completely different in shape.
This would prove that there is a strong evolutionary relationship between all living things. The different fields of science that provide evidence for the evolution of life include biology, especially the research field of taxonomy, anatomy, and embryology. In addition, ecology (ecology), ancient structures, paleontology (paleontology) includes scientific studies and archeology (gems), and the scientific study of prehistoric products, etc.
Evidence of Diversity
The field of anthropology is the special study of different species of life. They have to be defined, explained, and classified. If the different characteristics of their own species are mixed in a species, then this knowledge might not be needed and its testimony would not be correct, but since all the individuals of each species necessarily have the characteristics of their own species. Therefore, the classification of species is possible and the search for links between them is also possible. For example, all chickens lay eggs.
A taxonomy states that different species can be divided into groups based on common characteristics. In this way, I found a mutual relationship among species, species, families, orders, orders, orders, and kingdoms from mosses to banyans, and in the kingdom of organisms from protozoans to free-living lions. goes, which proves to be based on a common ancestor and thus testifies to the validity of the theory of evolution.
Testimony of Comparative Anatomy
A comparative study of the anatomical structures of different plants and animals also reveals common features and thus provides further evidence of common ancestry. For example, the bone structures in the bodies of frogs, lizards, beasts, and mammals have the same basic structure. This proves that the ancestor of all of them is the same which was a living being with a backbone. Similarly, all mammals have the same basic organ system, whether they are swimmers or land walkers, reptiles, or flies.
The Martyrdom of Knowledge of Hunain
The stages that the embryo of any organism goes through before birth are remarkably similar, whether the embryo is in the mother’s womb or in the egg. If, for example, the embryos of different vertebrate reproduction are studied, they are all the same in the initial stages. If the early embryos of fish, lizard, and bara-single are placed in front of them. It will be difficult for experts to tell which of these embryos belong to which organism. This similarity is evidence that they all belong to a common ancestor in the ancient past.